Body mass index is a more powerful risk factor for diabetes than genetics
Losing weight could prevent or even reverse diabetes, according to late breaking research presented today at ESC Congress 2020.
In 2019, approximately 463 million people worldwide had diabetes, of which the vast majority (around 90%) was type 2 diabetes. Diabetes doubles the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and death from cardiovascular disease. Obesity is the main modifiable cause of type 2 diabetes, while genetic make-up may also identify individuals with a greater likelihood of developing the condition.
"Because we are born with our genes, it might be possible to pinpoint early in life who has a high chance of developing diabetes during their lifetime," said principal investigator Professor Brian Ference of the University of Cambridge, UK, and University of Milan, Italy. "We conducted this study to find out if combining inherited risk with current body mass index (BMI) could identify people at the highest risk of developing diabetes. Prevention efforts could then concentrate on these individuals."
European Society of Cardiology. "Body mass index is a more powerful risk factor for diabetes than genetics." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 August 2020. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/08/200831090129.htm>.